Frozen river in Winnipeg with skating trail

Flooded river in Winnipeg

Alaskan river

River in China

River flowing under a bridge in France

Grand Canyon

River in Greenland

River in Mali

River in the state of Nevada

River in the Swiss Alps

River in Utah

Horses crossing a river in Virginia

Taking it to the Edge

Trolltunga (“Troll tongue”) is a rock formation situated about 1,100 metres (3,600 ft) above sea level in Ullensvang Municipality in Vestland county, Norway. The cliff juts horizontally out from the mountain, about 700 metres (2,300 ft) above the north side of the lake Ringedalsvatnet.

Popularity of the hike to Trolltunga and rock formation itself has exploded in recent years. The increased popularity has turned Trolltunga into a national icon and a major tourist attraction for the region. Until 2010, fewer than 800 people hiked to Trolltunga each year. In 2016 more than 80,000 people hiked[3] the 27-kilometre (17 mi) round-trip from the village of Skjeggedal, making it one of Norway’s most popular hikes.

This is a very challenging hike, at least 10 hours on rough terrain. There are no shelters on the hike route and no places to buy supplies. However, there is a plan to build a lodge roughly halfway where hikers can rest.


Trolltunga is located 17 kilometres (11 mi) from the town of Odda. The city of Bergen, is about 190 kilometres (120 mi) from the site via main roads.

The trailhead is located by a small parking area with toilet facilities at Skjeggedal, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from Norwegian National Road 13 in Tyssedalen, near the dam at the end of Ringedalsvatnet. Parking costs 500 kr per day for the lower car park (approx. 62 USD or 52 EUR).

The hike from the parking area to Trolltunga and back again is a 27-kilometre (17 mi) round-trip distance with a 1,100-metre (3,600 ft) gain in elevation, and it takes approximately 10–12 hours, including breaks.

Near the parking area at Skjeggedal there is a funicular called Mågelibanen (it is not in operation). The trail to Trolltunga begins here, on the left side of the funicular. It is marked with red Ts painted in the terrain, and signs along the route that marks the distance left to Trolltunga and to the starting point at Skjeggedal.

For the first 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi), up to the Måglitopp, the trail rises about 450 metres (1,480 ft). From here the track surfaces slightly out before it gets steep again, rising another 330 metres (1,080 ft) up from Gryteskaret to Trombåskåret. This section is the steepest part on this hike. But in recent years this section have been improved by Nepalese sherpas, making it easier to traverse.

After this 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) steep climb from the parking area, the next section slopes down towards Store Floren. The trail continues over Hesteflåene and the dried out river Endåno, before it gets steeper up to Endanuten and crosses the dried river to Tyssestrengene. From here the trail goes on past glacial potholes, then continues past Tysshøl, and finally approaches Trolltunga, about 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi) from the starting point at Skjeggedal.


Thousands of tourists visit Trolltunga during the four summer months, a number which has greatly increased from 500 per year to 80,000 between 2009 and 2016. No safety railing has been constructed on the edge of the cliff so as not to harm the natural beauty of the cliff, although a few small metal hooks have been installed as footholds to climb down to the rock.

On 5 September 2015, a 24-year-old Australian woman fell to her death off Trolltunga. It is believed to be the first recorded death from a fall there.

There are widely publicised photos of people hanging off the cliff or doing a hand stand on it. Most often they are manipulated. The elite climber Magnus Midtbø suspended himself from Trolltunga wearing a safety harness, but a version where the rope was erased has been spread in media.

The approach to and retreat from Trolltunga is a demanding hike, and 10–12 hours are needed for the round trip. In later years there have been up to 40 rescue actions annually. Surprisingly not because of the dangerous cliff, but due to the demanding hike back to Tyssedal. People get lost in fog or get injured during the hike or don’t have the endurance for such a demanding hike.

It is planned to build a lodge halfway between Trolltunga and Tyssedal, which will provide accommodation for hikers en route from Trolltunga.

Personally I wouldn’t go anywhere near that ledge.

The Whiskey War

The Whisky War (also known as Liquor wars) is a pseudo-confrontation and border conflict between Denmark and Canada over Hans Island. Since the 1930s, Hans Island has been in the middle of a disagreement between the two nations.


Hans Island is in the middle of the Kennedy Channel between Greenland and Ellesmere Island. A theoretical line in the middle of the strait goes through the island. Canada and Denmark could not come to terms on Hans Island in 1973 when a border treaty was signed, leaving a gap in its border description.


In 1984, Canada provoked Denmark by planting its flag on the island and leaving a bottle of Canadian whisky. The Danish Minister of Greenland Affairs came to the island himself the same year with the Danish flag and a bottle of Snaps and a letter stating “Velkommen til den danske ø” (English: ‘Welcome to the Danish Island’).

Resolution efforts

Both countries agreed on a process in 2005 to resolve the issue.


1980–1983 – Canadian firm Dome Petroleum did research on and around the island.

1984 – Tom Høyem, Danish Minister for Greenland, chartered a helicopter to the island, placing a flag and a bottle there.

1988 – The Danish Arctic Ocean patrol cutter HDMS Tulugaq arrived at the island, built a cairn and placed a flagpole and Danish flag on the island.

1995 – The Danish liaison officer and geodesists flew in and placed another flagpole and flag.
Late August 1997 – The Danish Arctic/Ocean patrol cutter HDMS Agpa tried to reach the island, but was forced to turn around 241 km (150 mi) from the Island, owing to extreme ice.

2001 – Keith Dewing and Chris Harrison, geologists with the Geological Survey of Canada who were mapping northern Ellesmere Island, flew by helicopter to the island.

August 13, 2002 – The Danish inspection ship HDMS Vædderen arrived and erected a new cairn, flagpole and flag, finding the 1988 flag missing and the 1995 flag in pieces.

August 1, 2003 – The crew of the Danish frigate HDMS Triton landed on the island and replaced the Danish flag again.

July 13, 2005 – Canadian soldiers land on the Island, placing a traditional Inuit stone marker (Inukshuk) with a plaque and a Canadian flag.

July 20, 2005 – As a symbolic move, Canadian Defence Minister Bill Graham set foot on the island.

July 25, 2005 – A Danish government official announced Denmark would issue a letter of protest to Canada.

July 25, 2005 – Deputy premier of Greenland, Josef Motzfeldt, stated the island had been occupied by Canada, stating experts should determine which country the island belongs to.

July 28, 2005 – The Danish Ambassador to Canada published an article in the Ottawa Citizen newspaper regarding the Danish view on the Hans Island issue.

August 4, 2005 – The Danish Arctic/Ocean patrol cutter HDMS Tulugaq was sent from Naval Station Grønnedal to Hans Island to assert Danish sovereignty. The cutter was expected to arrive in three weeks’ time.

August 8, 2005 – Danish newspapers reported Canada wished to open negotiations regarding the future of Hans Island. The news was welcomed by Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen who stated “It is time to stop the flag war. It has no place in a modern, international world. Countries like Denmark and Canada must be able to find a peaceful solution in a case such as this.”

August 16, 2005 – According to Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Møller, Denmark and Canada agreed to reopen negotiations regarding the future of Hans Island. Denmark would immediately begin geological surveys in the area, and Per Stig Møller would meet his Canadian counterpart Pierre Pettigrew in New York City in the middle of September. Should they fail to reach an agreement, both governments have agreed to submit the dispute to the International Court of Justice in The Hague. The government of Greenland agreed to this course of action. Regarding the Danish patrol cutter HDMS Tulugaq then en route to Hans Island, the minister stated “I have instructed the ship to sail there, but they will not go ashore tearing down [the Canadian] flag and replacing it with a new one. It would be a somewhat childish [behaviour] between two NATO allies.”

August 20, 2005 – Canada’s Foreign Affairs Minister, Pierre Pettigrew, stated Canada’s claim to the island had a firm basis in international law and would likely not end up before a world court. “Our sovereignty over the island has a very strong foundation,” the minister said in a telephone interview with a Canadian Press journalist.

September 19, 2005 – According to Canada’s Foreign Affairs Minister, Pierre Pettigrew, Canada and Denmark have agreed on a process to resolve the dispute over the island. Pettigrew and his Danish counterpart, Per Stig Møller, met in New York on this day. Pettigrew said the two countries would work together “to put this issue behind us.” However Pettigrew reiterated Canada has sovereignty over the island.

August 16, 2006 – A Vancouver geologist receives a prospecting permit for Hans Island from the Canadian government.

March 17, 2007 – Scientists from the University of Toronto and the Technical University of Denmark announced plans to install an automated weather station on the island, some time in the summer of 2007.

July, 2007 – Canada updates satellite photos and recognizes its line constructed for the earlier maritime agreement would have run roughly through the middle of the island; negotiations continue with Denmark over establishing an international land boundary or island sovereignty.

May 4, 2008 – An international group of scientists from Australia, Canada, Denmark, and the UK installed an automated weather station on Hans Island.

April 11, 2012 – Proposal for Canada and Denmark to split Hans Island.

November 29, 2012 – Canada and Denmark settle an agreement on the exact border between them, though without defining the border near Hans Island.

May 23, 2018 – Canada and Denmark announce a Joint Task Force to settle the dispute over Hans Island.

February 2019 – Canadian geologist John Robins is granted a minerals exploration claim for Hans Island by the Canadian government as part of efforts to help the cause of Canada’s sovereignty claim.

September 12, 2019 – The Government of Greenland decided to approve a temporary closure of Hans Island for the application for mineral exploration permits. This approval was based on an agreement between the Government of Canada and the Kingdom of Denmark. The Canadian geologist John Robins therefore also had his minerals exploration claim for Hans Island suspended by the Canadian government. The Dane Andreas G. Jensen also had his application for mineral exploration permit rejected by the Kingdom of Denmark, because of this closure agreement.

 Denmark Greenland Canada
Casualties and losses
Snaps and Danish flagsWhisky and Canadian flags

German Teenager Makes Illegal Climb of The Great Pyramid of Giza

A German teenager found himself in hot water with Egyptian authorities after being arrested for climbing the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Andrej Ciesielski scaled the legendary monument back in 2017 in a daring daylight climb that amazingly only took him about 8 minutes to accomplish.

Despite being spotted by police during his ascent, Ciesielski continued to the top of the pyramid to savor the once-in-a-lifetime view and document his incredible feat.

Upon returning to ground level, the young man was arrested and could have faced up to three years in jail for the stunt.

He was eventually released after agreeing to let authorities delete the footage and photos from his climb.

Fortunately, Ciesielski had a way to recover the digital material and is now sharing the evidence of his awesome adventure with the world.  

One slip and it’s going to be a head-over-heels crash that could cause permanent damage.

Here are some photos of Russian adventurers who climbed the pyramid a few years ago.


After a hard day of pyramid climbing, go to the KFC and indulge in local chicken cuisine.


Jungle Waterfall

Tumpak Sewu, also known as Coban Sewu, is a tiered waterfall that is located between the Pronojiwo District, Lumajang Regency, and the Ampelgading District, Malang Regency, in East Java, Indonesia. The waterfall is overshadowed by Semeru, an active volcano and the highest mountain in Java. The Glidik River, which flows down Semeru, is the primary water source for the waterfall. Tumpak Sewu is loosely translated to mean “a thousand waterfalls” in the Javanese language. The name likely originated due to its appearance of many different waterfalls in one single, semi-circular area.

Tumpak Sewu is a highly-visited tourist destination, primarily on the weekends. Infrastructure built around and inside the main box canyon has allowed for easier access to the area, although the trip to enter or exit is still physically demanding and may take around an hour to complete.

Processed with VSCO

Google hires camel for desert Street View 

It’s given us robot cars and internet-enabled glasses — but when it came to creating a “Street View” of a desert, Google hit on a low-tech solution.It hired a camel.The beast has become the first animal to carry Google’s Trekker camera, which is typically hoisted by humans to capture 360-degree images of destinations inaccessible to its Street View cars.Google spokeswoman Monica Baz says the camel, reportedly named Raffia, was an apt way of documenting the beautiful shifting sands of Abu Dhabi’s Liwa Oasis.


“With every environment and every location, we try to customize the capture and how we do it for that part of the environment,” she told The National newspaper.“In the case of Liwa we fashioned it in a way so that it goes on a camel so that it can capture imagery in the best, most authentic and least damaging way,” Baz said.The Liwa Oasis is a 100 kilometer-wide (62-mile) scenic desert, southeast of the city of Abu Dhabi that includes some of the world’s biggest sand dunes.


Liwa Oasis


Grand Canyon Skywalk

The Grand Canyon Skywalk is a horseshoe-shaped cantilever bridge with a glass walkway at Eagle Point in Arizona near the Colorado River on the edge of a side canyon in the Grand Canyon West area of the main canyon. USGS topographic maps show the elevation at the Skywalk’s location as 4,770 ft (1,450 m) and the elevation of the Colorado River in the base of the canyon as 1,160 ft (350 m), and they show that the height of the precisely vertical drop directly under the skywalk is between 500 ft (150 m) and 800 ft (240 m). In 2015 the attraction passed one million visitors.

Commissioned and owned by the Hualapai Indian tribe, it was unveiled March 20, 2007, and opened to the general public on March 28, 2007. It is accessed via the Grand Canyon West Airport terminal or a 120-mile (190 km) drive from Las Vegas. The Skywalk is east of Meadview and north of Peach Springs with Kingman being the closest city of some size.

Africa’s week in pictures: 17-23 September 2021


A selection of the best photos from the African continent and beyond.

Short presentational grey line
A BBC composite of three individual photo portraits that were taken by AFP.
image caption,Fifteen-year-old Nobe Nobe from Ago, 17-year-old Djanje Haiballa from Fouduk, plus 28-year-old Veli Rabeo also of Fouduk pose for individual portraits on Friday at the Cure Salee festival in Niger…
Two boys who raced in the final on 18 September.
image caption,Thousands of people from nomadic herding communities attend the three-day festival which includes a high-stakes camel race…
A group of Wodaabe men rest after dancing during the Cure Salee, in Ingall, northern Niger, on 18 September.
image caption,… as well as dancing.
Women dance during the annual Cure Salee festival.
image caption,The annual festival takes place at the end of the rainy season in September…
Men try on rings during the annual festival.s.
image caption,… and attracts visitors from all over the Sahel.
A blacksmith at work.
image caption,In neighbouring Nigeria on Tuesday, blacksmith Anjorin Jimoh is busy in his workshop in Lagos.
A man works on a metal sculpture of a horse.
image caption,In Tunisia on Friday, artist Mohamed al-Sharaiti makes sculptures from the spare parts of cars.
The eco-afrofuturist punk band Fulu Miziki pose at the International Festival of Performing Arts.
image caption,Congolese band Fulu Miziki, whose instruments and clothes are made from recycled items, appear at a music festival in Spain on Tuesday.
Thuso Mbedu poses with US actress Mychal-Bella Bowman on the red carpet.
image caption,South African actress Thuso Mbedu (R) poses with US actress Mychal-Bella Bowman on the red carpet at the Emmy Awards in Los Angeles on Friday.
Ditebogo Ledwaba receiving her award on stage in Johannesburg, South Africa.
image caption,Actress Ditebogo Ledwaba wins the gong for Outstanding Young Performer at South Africa’s Royal Soapie Awards on Saturday.
South African couple Letoya Makhene and Lebo Keswa.
image caption,Actress Letoya Makhene and businesswoman Lebo Keswa, who married last year, were also at the television awards.
Viewers wait for the first screening of Somali films at The Somali National Theatre in Mogadishu.
image caption,On Wednesday, Somalia hosted its first public film-screening in 30 years – raising hopes of a cultural revival amid the country’s decades-long security crisis. Filmgoers had to pass through several checkpoints to reach the theatre.
A man feeding a chicken.
image caption,On the same day in Egypt’s capital Cairo, Taha Obeid feeds his pet chicken, Jafar, at his rooftop home.
Children play on top of cotton bolls.
image caption,Also in Egypt, cotton harvesting is under way – these children play on a pile of picked bolls on Sunday.
Ibrahim Bilal, an Egyptian artist, presents finished sculptures of Ancient Egyptian figurines, a book, a mosque, and other shapes.
image caption,Days earlier in northern Egypt, artist Ibrahim Bilal presents miniature sculptures carved into pencil tips.
Tafon Nchukwi of Cameroon punches Mike Rodriguez in a light heavyweight fight during the UFC Fight Night event at UFC APEX on September 18, 2021 in Las Vegas, Nevada.
image caption,Cameroonian mixed martial arts fighter Tafon Nchukwi lands a punch on Mike Rodriguez, winning their UFC bout on Saturday in Las Vegas in the US.
Burundian athlete Francine Niyonsaba who set new world record of women's 2000m with 5 minutes 21 seconds and 56 hundredths of a second reacts to people from a car in Bujumbura, Burundi.
image caption,Burundian athlete Francine Niyonsaba returns home to a hero’s welcome on Tuesday after setting a new world record in the women’s 2,000 metres.
Kenya's Clement Langat Kiprono crosses the finish line to win the Rome Marathon on September 19, 2021 in Rome.
image caption,And on Saturday in Italy, Kenya’s Clement Langat Kiprono wins the Rome Marathon.
A protester from Cameroon seeking the return of the Ngonnso statue stands outside the Humboldt Forum during the opening of the Humboldt's Ethnological Museum and the Museum for Asian Art. A small group of protesters from Cameroon stood outside the Humboldt Forum to demand the return of the statue, which they say is a sacred, spiritual artefact of the Nso people and which they say was looted by Germany in 1902 while Cameroon was a German colony.
image caption,On Wednesday, Cameroonian protesters demand the return of an artefact from former colonial ruler Germany. They say the Ngonnso statue was looted by the Germans in 1902 and is of significant spiritual value.
A views shows an old poster of former Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika.
image caption,Remnants of a poster showing former Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika are seen on Saturday, following his death at the age of 84.
Supporters cheer as exiled activists arrive in Conakry on September 18, 2021.
image caption,On the same day in Guinea’s capital, Conakry, supporters cheer the return of exiled political activists who had fled the rule of President Alpha Condé.
A view of the Blue Nile river waterfront in the north of Sudan's capital Khartoum at sunset.
image caption,And on Tuesday, the sun sets over the Blue Nile in Sudan hours after an attempted coup was foiled.