The First Ever Miss Universe Contest, 1952


Armi Kuusela from Finland was the first winner of the event. She was 17 at the time. She was awarded a box of chocolates, a gold bangle and a return ticket on Pan American Airways.



The contest was held on 28 June 1952 in Long Beach, California, USA.



Miss United Kingdom, Aileen P. Chase, who was a runner up in Miss World the previous year didn’t even make it into the semi finals.



Miss Hawaii, Miss Greece, Miss Hong Kong and Miss Germany were all runners up.
















Members of Indigenous Indonesian Tribe Have Electric Blue Eyes Due to Rare Genetic Condition

Blue eyes are a rare sight in Indonesia, a country where the vast majority of the population has dark hair and dark eyes, but some members of an indigenous tribe have the most stunning blue eyes, because of a rare condition known as Waardenburg Syndrome.

Believed to affect about 1 in 42,000 people, Waardenburg Syndrome is characterized by some degree of hearing loss and pigmentation deficiencies, which can include bright blue eyes (or one blue eye and one black/brown eye). It is caused by mutations in any of several genes that affect the operation of neural crest cells in embryonic development. The visual effect of Waardenburg Syndrome is particularly impressive in ethnic groups where blue eyes are a rarity, as you can see in the photos of members of the Buton tribe taken by Indonesian geologist and amateur photographer Korchnoi Pasaribu.

Buton Island, which is located in Indonesia’s Sulawesi region, is home to the indigenous Buton people, some of whom suffer from the Waardenburg Syndrome and have the characteristic electric blue eyes (either one or both).

Korchnoi Pasaribu visited Buton Island last month and took some photos of its natives, focusing on their stunning electric blue eyes. He posted the photos on his Instagram, and they have since gone viral, being picked up by most major news outlets and shared massively on social media.

Historical Populations of Selected Countries






United States




1610 350
1620 2,302
1630 4,646
1640 26,634
1650 50,368
1660 75,058
1670 111,935
1680 151,507
1690 210,372
1700 250,888
1710 331,711
1720 466,185
1730 629,445
1740 905,563
1750 1,170,760
1760 1,593,625
1770 2,148,076
1780 2,780,369
1790 3,929,214
1800 5,308,483
1810 7,239,881
1820 9,638,453
1830 12,866,020
1840 17,069,453
1850 23,191,876
1860 31,443,321
1870 38,558,371
1880 50,189,209
1890 62,979,766
1900 76,212,168
1910 92,228,496
1920 106,021,537
1930 123,202,624
1940 132,164,569
1950 151,325,798
1960 179,323,175
1970 203,211,926
1980 226,545,805
1990 248,709,873
2000 281,421,906
2010 308,745,538






Population of Germany in 1939 was 67 million.







United Kingdom







Ayres Rock, Australia: A Kangaroo warning road sign in the desert near Uluru

Ayres Rock, Australia: A Kangaroo warning road sign in the desert near Uluru







Total Population by Country 2019


Rank Country 2019 Population  2018 Population Growth Rate Area 2018 Density
1 China 1,420,062,022 1,415,045,928 0.35% 9,706,961 km² 146/km²
2 India 1,368,737,513 1,354,051,854 1.08% 3,287,590 km² 416/km²
3 United States 329,093,110 326,766,748 0.71% 9,372,610 km² 35/km²
4 Indonesia 269,536,482 266,794,980 1.03% 1,904,569 km² 142/km²
5 Brazil 212,392,717 210,867,954 0.72% 8,515,767 km² 25/km²
6 Pakistan 204,596,442 200,813,818 1.88% 881,912 km² 232/km²
7 Nigeria 200,962,417 195,875,237 2.60% 923,768 km² 218/km²
8 Bangladesh 168,065,920 166,368,149 1.02% 147,570 km² 1,139/km²
9 Russia 143,895,551 143,964,709 -0.05% 17,098,242 km² 8/km²
10 Mexico 132,328,035 130,759,074 1.20% 1,964,375 km² 67/km²
11 Japan 126,854,745 127,185,332 -0.26% 377,930 km² 336/km²
12 Ethiopia 110,135,635 107,534,882 2.42% 1,104,300 km² 100/km²
13 Philippines 108,106,310 106,512,074 1.50% 342,353 km² 316/km²
14 Egypt 101,168,745 99,375,741 1.80% 1,002,450 km² 101/km²
15 Vietnam 97,429,061 96,491,146 0.97% 331,212 km² 294/km²
16 DR Congo 86,727,573 84,004,989 3.24% 2,344,858 km² 37/km²
17 Turkey 82,961,805 81,916,871 1.28% 783,562 km² 106/km²
18 Iran 82,820,766 82,011,735 0.99% 1,648,195 km² 50/km²
19 Germany 82,438,639 82,293,457 0.18% 357,114 km² 231/km²
20 Thailand 69,306,160 69,183,173 0.18% 513,120 km² 135/km²
21 United Kingdom 66,959,016 66,573,504 0.58% 242,900 km² 276/km²
22 France 65,480,710 65,233,271 0.38% 551,695 km² 119/km²
23 Tanzania 60,913,557 59,091,392 3.08% 945,087 km² 64/km²
24 Italy 59,216,525 59,290,969 -0.13% 301,336 km² 197/km²
25 South Africa 58,065,097 57,398,421 1.16% 1,221,037 km² 48/km²
26 Myanmar 54,336,138 53,855,735 0.89% 676,578 km² 80/km²
27 Kenya 52,214,791 50,950,879 2.48% 580,367 km² 90/km²
28 South Korea 51,339,238 51,164,435 0.34% 100,210 km² 512/km²


Saudi women to get divorce confirmation by text message

Saudi women use their mobile phones during the Janadriyah festival of Heritage and Culture held in the Saudi village of Al-Thamama, 50 kilometres north of the capital Riyadh
Saudi women are subject to male guardianship laws

A new regulation in Saudi Arabia is set to stop Saudi women from not knowing about their own divorce.

Starting from Sunday, courts will be required to notify women by text on rulings confirming their divorces.

Local female lawyers suggest the measure will end what are known as secret divorces – cases where men end a marriage without telling their wives.

The directive would ensure women are fully aware of their marital status and can protect rights such as alimony.

Last year, a decades-old driving ban on women was lifted in Saudi Arabia.

However, women still remain subject to male guardianship laws.

“The new measure ensures women get their [alimony] rights when they’re divorced,” Saudi lawyer Nisreen al-Ghamdi told Bloomberg. “It also ensures that any powers of attorney issued before the divorce are not misused.”

Many women have filed appeals to courts over being divorced without their knowledge, lawyer Samia al-Hindi told local newspaper Okaz.

The new step is said to be part of economic and social reforms pushed by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, such as allowing women to attend football matches and work in jobs traditionally reserved for men.

What can Saudi women still not do?

There are many things that Saudi women are unable to do without permission from a male guardian, usually a husband, father, brother or son.

These things include, but are not limited to:

  • Applying for passports
  • Travelling abroad
  • Getting married
  • Opening a bank account
  • Starting certain businesses
  • Getting elective surgery
  • Leaving prison

The guardianship system has helped create one of the most gender unequal countries in the Middle East.



Uncontacted Peoples

The Brazilian government has confirmed the existence of a previously unknown group of so-called uncontacted people who have remained isolated from industrial society.

The Brazilian government agency charged with protecting the country’s indigenous tribes took aerial photographs of the group’s Amazon dwellings. The photos were released by Survival International, an advocacy group for indigenous people.

Survival International research director Fiona Watson talked to about the photos.

The structure of the dwelling is very different from those seen in photographs of another uncontacted Amazon group that were released in February. Unlike those small, open dwellings, these are large and enclosed.

“Probably 20 or 30 people could fit in there,” said Watson. “You can see smaller structures toward the back of the house. These could be areas for cooking, or storing things. I’ve been to indigenous villages where they have separate structures for keeping the large birds from which they pluck feathers to make arrows.”





Below are photographs taken of an uncontacted group found along the Peru-Brazil border in 2008.  These jungle inhabitants seem annoyed, or terrified, at the airplane taking the pictures.  They are pointing their arrows at the plane.  This plane must have blown their minds.  Never would they have seen such a large bird of prey.  They must have thought this giant rigid bird was going to pounce on their people.  Some of them look like medicine shamans, painted in a dark colour.





Uncontacted people, also referred to as isolated people or lost tribes, are communities who live, or have lived, either by choice or by circumstance, without significant contact with globalised civilisation.

Few peoples have remained totally uncontacted by modern civilisation, and almost all current groups are in danger of being unwillingly contacted. Indigenous rights activists call for such groups to be left alone in respect of their right to self-determination. A number have chosen to make contact either exceedingly difficult or dangerous for those trying to reach them.

The majority of such communities are located in densely-forested areas in South America and New Guinea. Knowledge of the existence of these groups comes mostly from infrequent (and often violent) encounters by neighbouring tribes, and also from aerial footage. A major problem with contacting isolated people is that they will lack any immunity to common diseases, which can be devastating to a closely-contained population with no natural immunity.

Areas of the world where uncontacted peoples live.



cool coffee

cool coffee1

Main exporters by country in 2015/16

Country 60 kilogram bags Metric Tons Pounds
BrazilBrazil 43,200,000 2,592,000 5,714,381,000
VietnamVietnam 27,500,000 1,650,000 3,637,627,000
ColombiaColombia 13,500,000 810,000 1,785,744,000
IndonesiaIndonesia 11,000,000 660,000 1,455,050,000
EthiopiaEthiopia 6,400,000 384,000 846,575,000
HondurasHonduras 5,800,000 348,000 767,208,000
IndiaIndia 5,800,000 348,000 767,208,000
UgandaUganda 4,800,000 288,000 634,931,000
MexicoMexico 3,900,000 234,000 515,881,000
GuatemalaGuatemala 3,400,000 204,000 449,743,000
PeruPeru 3,200,000 192,000 423,287,000
NicaraguaNicaragua 2,200,000 132,000 291,010,000
ChinaChina(2013/14 est.) 1,947,000 116,820 257,544,000
Ivory CoastIvory Coast 1,800,000 108,000 238,099,000
Costa RicaCosta Rica 1,492,000 89,520 197,357,000
KenyaKenya 833,000 49,980 110,187,000
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea 800,000 48,000 105,821,000
TanzaniaTanzania 800,000 48,000 105,821,000