Total Population by Country 2019


Rank Country 2019 Population  2018 Population Growth Rate Area 2018 Density
1 China 1,420,062,022 1,415,045,928 0.35% 9,706,961 km² 146/km²
2 India 1,368,737,513 1,354,051,854 1.08% 3,287,590 km² 416/km²
3 United States 329,093,110 326,766,748 0.71% 9,372,610 km² 35/km²
4 Indonesia 269,536,482 266,794,980 1.03% 1,904,569 km² 142/km²
5 Brazil 212,392,717 210,867,954 0.72% 8,515,767 km² 25/km²
6 Pakistan 204,596,442 200,813,818 1.88% 881,912 km² 232/km²
7 Nigeria 200,962,417 195,875,237 2.60% 923,768 km² 218/km²
8 Bangladesh 168,065,920 166,368,149 1.02% 147,570 km² 1,139/km²
9 Russia 143,895,551 143,964,709 -0.05% 17,098,242 km² 8/km²
10 Mexico 132,328,035 130,759,074 1.20% 1,964,375 km² 67/km²
11 Japan 126,854,745 127,185,332 -0.26% 377,930 km² 336/km²
12 Ethiopia 110,135,635 107,534,882 2.42% 1,104,300 km² 100/km²
13 Philippines 108,106,310 106,512,074 1.50% 342,353 km² 316/km²
14 Egypt 101,168,745 99,375,741 1.80% 1,002,450 km² 101/km²
15 Vietnam 97,429,061 96,491,146 0.97% 331,212 km² 294/km²
16 DR Congo 86,727,573 84,004,989 3.24% 2,344,858 km² 37/km²
17 Turkey 82,961,805 81,916,871 1.28% 783,562 km² 106/km²
18 Iran 82,820,766 82,011,735 0.99% 1,648,195 km² 50/km²
19 Germany 82,438,639 82,293,457 0.18% 357,114 km² 231/km²
20 Thailand 69,306,160 69,183,173 0.18% 513,120 km² 135/km²
21 United Kingdom 66,959,016 66,573,504 0.58% 242,900 km² 276/km²
22 France 65,480,710 65,233,271 0.38% 551,695 km² 119/km²
23 Tanzania 60,913,557 59,091,392 3.08% 945,087 km² 64/km²
24 Italy 59,216,525 59,290,969 -0.13% 301,336 km² 197/km²
25 South Africa 58,065,097 57,398,421 1.16% 1,221,037 km² 48/km²
26 Myanmar 54,336,138 53,855,735 0.89% 676,578 km² 80/km²
27 Kenya 52,214,791 50,950,879 2.48% 580,367 km² 90/km²
28 South Korea 51,339,238 51,164,435 0.34% 100,210 km² 512/km²


Aircraft Nose Art

Nose art is a decorative painting or design on the fuselage of a military aircraft, usually located near the nose, and is a form of aircraft graffiti.

While begun for practical reasons of identifying friendly units, the practice evolved to express the individuality often constrained by the uniformity of the military, to evoke memories of home and peacetime life, and as a kind of psychological protection against the stresses of war and the probability of death.

The practice of putting personalized decorations on fighting aircraft originated with Italian and German pilots. The first recorded piece of nose art was a sea monster painted on the nose of an Italian flying boat in 1913. This was followed by the popular practice of painting mouths underneath the propeller spinner, initiated by German pilots in World War I. The cavallino rampante (prancing horse) of the Italian ace Francesco Baracca was another well-known symbol, as was the red-painted aircraft of Manfred von Richthofen. However, nose art of this era was often conceived and produced by the aircraft ground crews, not by the pilots.

The Americans took Nose Art to a whole new level during World War II.  Nose art especially appeared on B-17 Flying Fortresses and B-25 Mitchells.  All bomber aircraft and many fighter aircraft had Nose Art.  At the height of the war, nose-artists were in very high demand in the USAAF and were paid quite well for their services while AAF commanders tolerated nose art in an effort to boost aircrew morale. The U.S. Navy, by contrast, prohibited nose art, while nose art was uncommon in the RAF or RCAF.

Some examples:








Bockscar was the B-29 bomber that dropped the “Fat Man” atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan on 9 August 1945.

Drawings of very attractive women improved morale.  Especially when these pilots had been away from home for months on end.  Sometimes years.




Golden Gate Bridge Road Zipper

A barrier transfer machine, also known as zipper machine or road zipper, is a heavy vehicle used to transfer concrete lane dividers, such as jersey barriers, which are used to relieve traffic congestion during rush hours. Many other cities use them temporarily during construction work. The lanes created by the machine are sometimes referred to as “zipper lanes”.

One advantage of barrier systems over other lane management treatments (i.e. traffic cones or overhead directional lights) is that a solid, positive barrier prevents vehicle collisions due to motorists crossing over into opposing traffic flow. A disadvantage is that lane widths can be slightly reduced.




Carhenge is a replica of England’s Stonehenge located near the city of Alliance, Nebraska, in the High Plains region of the United States. Instead of being built with large standing stones, as is the case with the original Stonehenge, Carhenge is formed from vintage American automobiles, all covered with gray spray paint. Built by Jim Reinders, it was dedicated at the June 1987 summer solstice. In 2006, a visitor center was constructed to serve the site.



Carhenge consists of 38 automobiles arranged in a circle measuring about 96 feet (29 m) in diameter. Some are held upright in pits 5 feet (1.5 m) deep, trunk end down, and arches have been formed by welding automobiles atop the supporting models. The heelstone is a 1962 Cadillac. Three cars were buried at Carhenge with a sign stating: “Here lie three bones of foreign cars. They served our purpose while Detroit slept. Now Detroit is awake and America’s great!”

Carhenge replicates Stonehenge’s current dilapidated state, rather than the original stone circle erected between 2500 BC and 2000 BC.

In addition to the Stonehenge replica, the Carhenge site includes several other artworks created from autos covered with various colors of spray paint.


Carhenge was conceived in 1987 by Jim Reinders as a memorial to his father. While in England, he studied the structure of Stonehenge, which helped him to copy the structure’s shape, proportions, and size. Other automobile sculptures were subsequently added to the location of Carhenge, which is now known as the Car Art Reserve.

Reinders donated the 10-acre site to the Friends of Carhenge. In 2011 the Friends of Carhenge listed the attraction for sale for $300,000. In 2013 the Friends of Carhenge donated the site to the Citizens of Alliance.

Carhenge has appeared in film, popular music, television programs and commercials. It is the subject of the 2005 documentary Carhenge: Genius or Junk?, and features in the 2007 travel book 1,000 Places to See in the USA and Canada Before You Die.

The path of totality of the solar eclipse of August 21, 2017 included Carhenge. An estimated 4,000 people, including Nebraska governor Pete Ricketts, viewed the eclipse from the site. Reinders stated that at the time of Carhenge’s creation, he had not known about the eclipse that would occur 30 years later.