Notorious Motorcycle Gangs in the United States and Canada 


10 most infamous gangs in the United States

#10  Vagos

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The Vagos Motorcycle Club was started in San Bernardino, CA in the 1960’s. Members of the club often wear green and bear a patch of the Norse god Loki riding a motorcycle. The club has approximately 24 chapters spread across the western United States in states such as Arizona and Nevada and also 3 in Mexico.

The Vagos have been the subject of several investigations by the FBI and the ATF for illegal activity such as the production and distribution of methamphetamine, murder, money laundering and weapons violations. A highly coordinated investigation in March of 2006 led to the arrests of 25 Vagos members and their associates in what has been labeled as the largest investigation in Southern California’s history.

#9  Free Souls

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This particular motorcycle gang was started in the state of Oregon in the late 1960’s. Their patch consists of an ankh, an ancient Egyptian symbol in the shape of a cross, in the center of a motorcycle rim and tire. All of their chapters, with the exception of one in Vancouver, Canada, are located within the state of Oregon.

On May 2, 2007, three members of The Free Souls Motorcycle Club were arrested and charged with various crimes. Amongst the evidence were illegal drugs, weapons and stolen motorcycles all of which were seized as part of the investigation and arrests.

#8  Bandidos

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Founded in San Antonio, TX in 1966 The Bandidos are among the more notorious of American Motorcycle Clubs. The gang’s patch bears a cartoon-ishly obese Mexican wearing a large sombrero and carrying a machete in one hand and a pistol in the other. The colors of gold and red were adopted as the club’s colors due to the fact that their founder was a former Vietnam Marine veteran. The Bandidos have around 90 chapters spread across the U.S. alone, but they have also branched out as far as Asia, Germany and Australia.

The Bandidos gang has a long and brutal history of illegal activity.  A member of The Bandidos was arrested, tried and convicted of the 2006 murder of a well known flyweight boxer and a member of the rival Hell’s Angels Motorcycle Club was sniped while leaving a restaurant in March of that same year during The Bandidos 40th Anniversary of the clubs annual birthday celebration. Police suspect that members of The Bandidos are responsible for the murder. Other members have been arrested from anything from murder to drugs and illegal weapons possession as well as assault and racketeering charges.

#7  Highwaymen

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The Highwaymen were formed in Detroit, MI in 1954. Their chapters have spread across the state of Michigan as well as other U.S. states and have reached as far as Norway and England. Their club colors are black and silver and their insignia is a winged skeleton wearing a motorcycle cap and a leather jacket. The Highwaymen also have their own mottos which are: “Highwaymen Forever, Forever Highwaymen” and “Yea, though we ride the highways in the shadows of death, we fear no evil, for we are the most evil mother fuckers on the highway.”

Despite being the largest motorcycle club in the city of Detroit, they are not acknowledged in the Detroit Federation of Motorcycle Clubs due to their violent and criminal reputation. In May 2007, after a two year investigation into the gang’s activities, the FBI raided homes and chapter clubhouses resulting in the arrests of 40 Highwaymen and associates. The charges included insurance and mortgage frauds, murder for hire, cocaine trafficking, police corruption and racketeering.

#6  Warlocks

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The Warlocks were founded in 1967 in Philadelphia, PA and gained a large number of members after the end of the Vietnam War. Consisting only of white males, The Warlocks have spread through the state of Pennsylvania and a good portion of the northeastern United States and also have chapters in the southeast United States as well as overseas in Germany and England. Their club colors are red and white and they use the Greek mythological figure of a winged Harpy as their insignia. Members often adorn themselves and their vests with white supremacy insignia as well.

In 2008, Tommy Zaroff, a former President of the Bucks County, PA chapter was arrested on suspicion of possessing 10 pounds of methamphetamine. In October of the same year four members of The Warlocks were arrested and charged with producing, transporting and distributing methamphetamine throughout Berks and Montgomery Counties in Pennsylvania. It is alleged that they sold over 500 lbs. of methamphetamine worth approximately $9 million.

#5  Sons of Silence

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The Sons of Silence are another “1%er” motorcycle gang that was founded in Niwot, Colorado in 1966 and featured in a 2009 episode of Gangland on The History Channel. Since 1966 The Sons of Silence have spread across the United States, with concentrations in the eastern U.S. They also have several chapters spread throughout Germany.

The Sons of Silence have adopted the motto “Donec Mors Non Seperat”, which is Latin for “Until Death Separates Us”. The club patch has been adopted from the American Eagle logo used by the Budweiser beer company and bears an eagle superimposed over the letter A with their motto underneath.

In October of 1999, 37 members of the Sons of Silence were arrested on drug trafficking and illegal weapons charges during one of Denver’s largest federal undercover operations. During the raids, The ATF seized 20 lbs. of methamphetamine, 35 firearms, four hand grenades, 2 silencers as well as cash and motorcycles.

#4  Outlaws

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The Outlaw Motorcycle Club is one of the more notorious and oldest clubs on this list. The gang started in Matilda’s Bar on old Route 66 in McCook, IL in 1935. Using the insignia on Marlon Brando’s leather jacket in The Wild One as inspiration, the club adopted the skull with cross pistons as their official club patch. Since the club began over 70 years ago their chapters have spread widely across the United States and have been well established in Australia, Asia, Europe and North and South America.

Harry Joseph Bowman, The World Leader of The American Outlaw Association (A.O.A.), was the international president of The Outlaws Motorcycle Club and presided over 30 chapters in the U.S. and 20 chapters in 4 other countries until he was sent to prison for 3 murders in 1999 after being on the F.B.I’s Top 10 Most Wanted Fugitive list in 1998. Across the globe members of The Outlaws have been suspected, arrested, tried and convicted of countless crimes from prostitution, trafficking in narcotics and stolen goods, arms dealing, extortion and murder.

#3  Pagans

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The Pagans formed in Maryland in 1959 and by 1965 had expanded rapidly. Their patch depicts the Norse fire giant Surtr sitting on the sun wielding a sword with the word Pagans in red, white and blue. Members are known to wear their patches on cut-off denim jackets with accompanying white supremacist and Nazi insignia patches. The club’s members have also been seen with tattoos of ARGO (Ar Go Fuck Yourself) and NUNYA (Nun’Ya Fuckin’ Business). Their territory seems to be confined strictly to the eastern coast in the United States.

Aside from their history of violent rivalry with the notorious Hell’s Angels Motorcycle Club, The Pagans have been associated with numerous crimes including murder, arson, drug smuggling and have been linked to organized crime in the upper northeastern United States. In February of 2002, seventy-three members of The Pagans Motorcycle Club were arrested in Long Island, NY after violence erupted at a motorcycle and tattoo ball. The Pagans allegedly went to the ball specifically to confront members of The Hell’s Angels MC resulting in 10 wounded bikers and one murdered Pagan member. Then in 2005, members of The Pagans allegedly shot and killed the Vice-President of the Philadelphia Chapter of The Hell’s Angels.

#2  Mongols

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The Mongols, also known as Mongol Nation or Mongol Brotherhood, were formed in 1969 in Montebello, California from Hispanic bikers who were refused entry into The Hell’s Angels MC due to their race. Their colors are black and white and their insignia bears the name Mongols in large black letters above a pony-tail sporting man riding a motorcycle wearing a leather vest and sunglasses while carrying a scimitar or cutlass. Mongol chapters are concentrated in the western United States, but have also opened in Canada, Mexico and Italy.

In 2008, the ATF coordinated a sting against The Mongols MC where 4 agents went undercover to become fully patched members while gaining intelligence about the gang’s activities. This operation resulted in 38 arrests including the arrest of the club’s president, Ruben “Doc” Cavazos. As part of the operation 160 search warrants were served and 110 arrest warrants were carried out.  As part of the operation, members of The Mongols MC are now prohibited by law from the use of the Mongol MC logo and insignia including wearing the patches on vests or any other garb.

#1  Hell’s Angels

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Probably the most well known American biker gang, The Hell’s Angels have a long and thorough history on American highways. Much information concerning their origins is hazy due to their long-standing code of secrecy. Sometime within the 1940’s or 1950’s in California Hell’s Angels MC was formed. Their insignia is the “death’s head” logo which is copied from the insignia of the 85th Fighter Squadron and the 552nd Medium Bomber Squadron. Red lettering over white backgrounds stands for the club’s colors. With so much popularity, Hell’s Angels chapters have sprung up across the Untied States as well as Russia and New Zealand and the continents of North America, South America, Europe and Australia.

The Hell’s Angels MC have gained mass notoriety in the U.S. due to their involvement in many highly publicized run-ins with the law and rival biker gangs. The most note-worthy of publicized events happened during the Altamont Free Concert at Altamont Speedway in December of 1969 where it is alleged that The Rolling Stones hired members of The Hell’s Angels to stand-in as bodyguards for the band. Violence erupted in the crowd and also onto the performance stage and as a result one male was stabbed to death after brandishing a pistol.

Another publicized incident occurred in Laughlin, Nevada in Harrah’s Casino and Hotel. A violent confrontation in the casino between rival Mongols MC resulted in one fatally stabbed Mongol gang member and two fatally shot Hell’s Angels members.

Honorable mention: The Pissed off Bastards of Bloomington

The Pissed Off Bastards of Bloomington (POBOB) is a motorcycle club that, in 1947, along with the Boozefighters and the Market Street Commandos, participated in the highly publicized Hollister riot (later immortalized on film as The Wild One).

After the Hollister incident, a prominent Pissed Off Bastard named Otto Friedli (28 Jun 1931 – 17 Mar 2008) split with the club and formed his own group on March 17, 1948 in Fontana, just west of San Bernardino. He called it the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club. In 1954 Otto’s new club merged with the Market Street Commandos to become the Hells Angels San Francisco Chapter.

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Canada

Hells Angels

Criminal Intelligence Service Canada describes the Hells Angels as the largest “outlaw motorcycle gang” in the country, with active chapters concentrated mostly in Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia.

In its 2004 report, CISC said the Angels derives “significant financial income” from criminal activities such as prostitution, fraud and extortion but primarily relied on drug trafficking for income.

The gang moved into Ontario in 2000. Before that, its only presence in the province was with a chapter of the Nomads, the club’s elite branch. The Nomads doesn’t tie itself to geographical locations and doesn’t have formal clubhouses, like other chapters.

Within a year, the Angels had absorbed members of the Para Dice Riders, Satan’s Choice and Last Chance, giving them at least 100 members in the Toronto area — the highest concentration of Hells Angels in the world.

In mid-April 2009, police targeted more than 150 people linked with the Hells Angels in early-morning raids mostly in Quebec, but also in New Brunswick, France and the Dominican Republic. They also seized four suspected Hells Angels bunkers.

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Bandidos

It’s considered world’s second-most powerful criminal biker gang, with more than 2,000 members in 14 countries, according to NGIC’s 2009 report, which describes the Bandidos as a “growing criminal threat.”

The Bandidos was founded in the 1960s in Texas. The club’s old guard was said to be against its absorption of the Rock Machine’s Ontario branches for fear of igniting the same kind of war with the Hells Angels that gripped Quebec for much of the 1990s and left at least 150 people dead.

In April 2006, eight people — all Bandidos members or associates — were found dead in a farmer’s field near the small town of Shedden, Ont., about 30 kilometres southwest of London. Police said the killings virtually wiped out the Toronto chapter of the Bandidos.

Outlaws

First established in the United States in 1935, the gang came to Canada in 1978 when several chapters of Satan’s Choice in Montreal changed allegiance and set up shop as the Outlaws Motorcycle Club of Canada. The group is known to detest members of the Hells Angels.

Rock Machine

Second only to Hells Angels in Quebec. A long-running turf war with the Angels left more than 150 people dead as the two fought over the lucrative trade in illegal drugs. The war also led to the passage of anti-gang legislation by the federal government.

As the Hells Angels expanded into Ontario, so did the Rock Machine. The organization established three chapters. In 2001, it aligned itself with the Bandidos.

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Satan’s Choice

Once one of Ontario’s strongest motorcycle gangs, Satan’s Choice became part of the Hells Angels’ 2000-2001 expansion into Ontario. Satan’s Choice had branches in Keswick, Kitchener, Oshawa, Sudbury, Simcoe County, Thunder Bay and Toronto — but nothing outside the province.

Para Dice Riders

Another group that was once among Ontario’s strongest biker gangs. Its membership was limited to the Toronto area. The group was absorbed by the Hells Angels in 2001, when the Angels moved into Ontario.

Last Chance

Another small Ontario-based biker gang that agreed to switch over to the Hells Angels when the world’s most power biker gang moved into the province

Lobos

Originally concentrated in the Windsor, Ont., area, the Lobos motorcycle gang decided to take up the Hells Angels on its offer of merger in 2001.

Loners

The Loners Motorcycle Club was founded in Ontario in 1979 with a handful of chapters, including a now-defunct one in southwestern Ontario that was headed by Wayne Kellestine. As part of its Ontario expansion drive, the Hells Angels tried to persuade the St. Thomas Loners chapter to join the Angels. Kellestine — who was injured in an assassination attempt in 1999 — resisted.

The club has expanded to the United States and Europe, but in Ontario, its highest profile in recent years was a legal fight by a Toronto chapter to keep its mascot on its property north of the city, in 2001. The neutered, declawed lion named Woody was moved to an animal sanctuary.

Vagabonds

Another Ontario-based motorcycle gang that was more or less absorbed by the Hells Angels when it expanded into Ontario in 2000-2001.

The Red Devils

Said to be the oldest motorcycle gang in Canada, the group is made up of a couple of dozen members concentrated in the Hamilton, Ont., area.

Photos Show La Palma Eruption as It Enters a New State

Cumbre Vieja’s eruption stepped up a notch over the weekend. The cone of the volcano erupting on one of the Canary Islands has partially collapsed, Spanish authorities said Saturday, sending rocks as big as three-story buildings tumbling down the hillside.

The Cumbre Vieja eruption on the Spanish island of La Palma started nearly three weeks ago. Lava has already engulfed nearly 1,200 buildings on its way to the Atlantic Ocean and forced thousands of people to evacuate. This explosion marks only the third time La Palma has erupted over the past 100 years: The first was in 1949 and then in 1971. And with the collapse of the cone, lava could continue its march of destruction.

New imagery captured by the European Space Agency shows the multiple trails of lava streaming from the volcano to the sea. Copernicus-2 satellite imagery taken on Sunday shows a new stream of lava caused by the collapse of the cone working its way to the Atlantic, as well as lava that has already reached the ocean from the previous stream.

A volcanic cone is the mound built by past eruptions. Sources at the Canary Islands’ Volcano Risk Prevention Plan told Spanish newspaper El Pais on Sunday that the cone’s collapse has caused a “notable rise” in the amount of lava flowing out of the volcano, as well as a few new lava streams they are monitoring. The collapse also caused the volcano to become more explosive.

Lava flows after the collapse of a part of the cone of the Cumbre Vieja Volcano on October 10, 2021 in La Palma, Spain.Photo: Marcos del Mazo (Getty Images)

“Last night was a hard night,” Pevolca technical director Miguel Ángel Morcuende told El Pais on Sunday. Authorities said that the cone’s collapse was not entirely unexpected, and they expect more of the cone to collapse as the volcano continues to erupt.

A car drives through an empty street in the neighborhood of La Laguna as lava flows from the Cumbre Vieja Volcano on October 9, 2021 in La Palma, Spain.Photo: Marcos del Mazo (Getty Images)
Since the volcano’s initial eruption, authorities have been keeping tabs on the lava flow and how it might impact La Palma’s 83,000 residents. While 6,000 people have been evacuated thus far and the lava has consumed homes, life has continued as usual for many on the island. The flow has largely affected a portion of the western side of the island, with ashfall also spattering areas immediately downwind.

Some of the new flow, authorities said, is tracking near where evacuations have already occurred, and they’ve allowed people whose homes might be in danger back into the exclusion zone to get their belongings. The AP reported that multiple trucks left the evacuated area on Saturday with loads of furniture and other household items.

The Cumbre Vieja volcano, pictured from Tijarafe, spews lava, ash, and smoke, on the Canary Island of La Palma, at night on October 10, 2021.Photo: Jorge Guerrero/AFP (Getty Images)
The lava on land isn’t the only danger. Cumbre Vieja’s molten rock river reached the sea late last month, 10 days after the eruption started. Hot lava hitting seawater can cause a reaction that emits a deadly mix of steam, toxic gas (including hydrochloric acid), and tiny shards of volcanic glass. This mix is known as “laze”—a portmanteau of “lava” and “haze”—which can cause breathing difficulties and irritate the skin of people who come in contact with it. Communities near where the lava is reaching the sea have been advised to stay inside and keep their windows shut.

The lava flow produced by the Cumbre Vieja volcano falls into the Atlantic Ocean, as seen from Tijarafe, in the Canary Island of La Palma on October 10, 2021.Photo: Jorge Guerrero/AFP (Getty Images)
The lava is also reshaping La Palma’s coastline as it meets the water and cools off. Experts estimate that the lava has already created 84 acres of new land. And there may still be more to come as the eruption shows no signs of stopping.

“We cannot say that we expect the eruption that began 21 days ago to end anytime soon,’’ said Julio Perez, the regional minister for security on the Canary Islands, told reporters over the weekend.

Africa’s iconic architecture in 12 buildings

Dakar Railway Station, Senegal

While the pyramids of Egypt are recognised around the world, much of Africa’s architecture remains unknown – something architects Adil Dalbai and Livingstone Mukasa hope to change.

They are part of the team that has recently published the seven-volume Architectural Guide Sub-Saharan Africa. Their in-depth study encompasses buildings from earlier eras, the colonial period – like the recently renovated railway station (above) built in Senegal’s capital, Dakar, in 1910 – to more modern masterpieces.

Here are 12 of the most innovative, historic and iconic entries:

1) Kasubi Tombs, Uganda – 1882

Kasubi Tombs, Uganda

Covering hectares of agricultural land in Uganda’s capital, Kampala, the Royal Complex at Kasubi is the burial place of monarchs of the Buganda Kingdom. It was predominantly built from wood and other organic materials. The interior is designed to replicate a sacred forest and is topped with 52 circular rings to represent each of the 52 Buganda clans.

Mukasa, who was born in Uganda, visited the tombs for the first time when he was 10 years old. “It was stunning,” he told the BBC. “Not just the scale of it, but the entire grandeur of the building.

“[It] was constructed in the late 19th Century before the introduction of modern materials, using traditional centuries-old methods. I felt that the building had a presence. When you were inside it, it dominated you.”

2) Lideta Market, Ethiopia – 2017

Lideta Market, Ethiopia

A contemporary entry, this shopping centre was built in Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa, with lightweight concrete.

The considered design includes a perforated façade that controls the flow of natural light and ventilation within.

Moreover, the cut-out pattern decorating the building’s gleaming white shell imitates a traditional Ethiopian fabric.

3) Hikma Complex, Niger – 2018

Hikma Complex, Niger

Architecture studio Atelier Masōmī’s Nigerien founder, Mariam Kamara, collaborated with Yasaman Esmaili of Studio Chahar to restore a former Hausa mosque that had fallen into disrepair, adding a community space and library.

Compressed-earth bricks make up the majority of the building with materials mostly sourced from within 5km (three miles) of the site in the village of Dandaji.

For Dalbai, the project is particularly impressive for its seamless blend of old and new.

“It’s clearly a contemporary building that is deeply rooted in Nigerien tradition,” the German architect told the BBC. “Not only culturally, but also technically because it relies on old traditional building techniques and materials.”

4) Maropeng Visitors’ Centre, South Africa – 2006

Maropeng Visitors' Centre, South Africa

Known as the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, Maropeng is a state-of-the-art visitors’ centre designed to help people learn about the early development of modern humans.

This iconic structure was designed by South African firms GAPP Architects and MMA Studio.

The building itself resembles a burial mound rising from the earth in a design that appears truly integrated with nature.

5) Pyramids of Meroë, Sudan – 300BC

Pyramids of Meroë, Sudan

The oldest entry in the guide are these step-sided pyramids, which date back to 3,00BC, located around 200km (125 miles) from Sudan’s capital, Khartoum, in Meroë in the Nile Valley.

This Unesco World Heritage Site was once the capital of the ancient Kushite empire and excavations revealed the remains of palaces, temples and royal baths.

The pyramids of this burial site were built with sandstone blocks, while elaborate reliefs are etched within their interiors.

6) Basotho Houses, Lesotho – date unknown

A Basotho House in Lesotho

In Lesotho, “litema” is a mural decoration involving engraving, mosaic and relief elements on the facades of houses. Built with earth brick and plaster, this house is painted in the traditional colours of red ochre to symbolise the blood of fertility and sacrifice, white to represent purity and peace, and black to reference the ancestors and the promise of rain symbolised by “dark rain clouds”.

“Basotho houses have always been of interest to me in the way that they stand out in the landscape – the use of colours and the use of geometric shapes,” says Mukasa.

“I always found it interesting that people would use what was around them to turn a rudimentary structure into a piece of art.”

7) Kenneth Dike Library, Nigeria – 1954

Kenneth Dike Library, Nigeria

This library is often cited as one of the key works of what is known as “tropical modernism”.

It was built during a period when patterned sunscreens had risen in popularity, drawing inspiration from Franco-Swiss architect Le Corbusier’s use of “brise-soleil” – an architectural feature of a building that reduces heat within a building by deflecting sunlight.

The building was designed by Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew, who were pioneers of the Modern Movement in England. The library is part of the University of Ibadan campus – founded by the British colonial authorities in 1948 – and became an influential model for climate responsive architecture in the sub-region.

8) Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali – 13th Century

Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali

A monument to Islam, the Great Mosque is the largest earth-built structure in the world. The mosque is a symbol of the city of Djenné, which flourished as a centre of commerce between 800 and 1250.

The building’s smooth sculpted walls are constructed with sun-baked earth bricks, sand and earth-based mortar and a coat of plaster.

9) Palace of Emperor Fasilides, Ethiopia – early 17th Century

Palace of Emperor Fasilides, Ethiopia

This palace is located in Ethiopia’s northern city of Gondar, within a fortified compound known as the “Fasil Ghebbi” (Royal Enclosure).

The site includes some 20 palaces, royal buildings, elaborately decorated churches, monasteries and unique buildings.

The design of these buildings were influenced by the baroque style brought to Gondar by Jesuit missionaries.

10) Dominican Chapel, Nigeria -1973

Dominican Chapel, Nigeria -1973

Artist Demas Nwoko blends sculptural elements and modernity with a Nigerian vernacular style of architecture in this reimagined Dominican chapel in Ibadan.

The structure incorporates features such as carved timber columns and elaborate metalwork on the balustrades and gates.

Mukasa says it marked a radical break from the modernist movement that had cemented itself on the African continent to a means of expression that was “homegrown and derived from local culture”.

11) Great Mosque, Benin – 1912-1935

Great Mosque, Benin

This mosque in Benin’s capital, Port-Novo, is a striking example of Afro-Brazilian architecture built in the style of 17th and 18th Century churches in the north-eastern Brazilian state of, Bahia. The colour palette of bright yellow, brown, green and blue are reminiscent of Bahia’s historic architecture.

Along the West African coast, it is one of many Afro-Brazilian mosques built in the early 20th Century by returning descendants of freed slaves.

“It shows the many layers that are specific to western Africa’s architectural heritage – the intercontinental connections between Europe, South America and the West African coast in the bay of Benin at a time when there were many exchanges,” says Dalbai.

12) Mapungubwe Interpretation Centre, South Africa – 2009

Mapungubwe Interpretation Centre, South Africa

Located in a rocky landscape within Mapungubwe National Park, this centre won South African architect Peter Rich the 2009 World Building of the Year Award at the World Architecture Festival.

The celebrated design is constructed with “a long-forgotten vaulting technique that bricklayers from North Africa took to Catalonia, and which was used by architects such as Antoni Gaudi”, according to Rich.

Mud bricks were formed using soil from the construction site and only 5% of additional cement to create a clay mixture.

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The Hand in the Desert

The Mano del Desierto is a large-scale sculpture of a hand located in the Atacama Desert in Chile, about 60 km to the south and east of the city of Antofagasta, on the Panamerican Highway. The nearest point of reference is the “Ciudad Empresarial La Negra” (La Negra Business City). It lies between the 1309 and 1310 km marker points on the highway. It was created to represent the awful Human Rights Chileans were going through in the past.

Graffiti idiots!

The sculpture was constructed by the Chilean sculptor Mario Irarrázabal at an altitude of 1,100 meters above sea level. Its exaggerated size is said to emphasize human vulnerability and helplessness. The work has a base of iron and concrete, and stands 11 metres (36 ft) tall. Funded by Corporación Pro Antofagasta, a local booster organization, the sculpture was inaugurated on 28 March 1992.

It has since become a point of interest for tourists traveling Route 5, which forms part of the Pan-American Highway. It is an easy victim of graffiti and is therefore cleaned occasionally.

To get to the sculpture from Antofagasta, take Route 28 going East until the road joins Route 5 at La Negra (industrial complex) (distance from Route 1 in Antofagasta to the junction at La Negra approximately 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)). Take Route 5 going South for another 48 kilometres (30 mi), where a dirt road turns right (West) towards the sculpture. The sculpture is 450 metres (1,480 ft) from the main road. Clear signposts are placed on the road, although the sculpture can already be seen from quite a distance away.

Giant moon escapes, rolls down street in Henan


Imagine driving along the street and running into this… Image Credit: YouTube / Guardian News

Organizers of a festival in China’s Henan province were recently forced to chase after a giant runaway moon.The enormous inflatable satellite was seemingly caught by a particularly strong gust of wind during this year’s lunar festival celebrations in Henan province and broke free of its moorings.

In a video clip that has been circulating online, festival organizers can be seen chasing the errant lunar sphere as it careens down the street while motorists stop nearby to observe the spectacle.

It isn’t clear how (or even if) they managed to get a handle on the thing.

This wasn’t the only mishap to beset the lunar celebrations this year either – another inflatable moon reportedly escaped its handlers in Hong Kong and ended up blowing into a river.

The same thing has happened before, too, in the city of Fuzhou in 2016 during Typhoon Meranti.

Suffice to say, festival organizers might want to come up with a better way to secure their balloons.

Leo the Walking and Flying Drone Robot


Meet LEO: Tiny 2.5ft-tall drone-robot hybrid can use its two legs to navigate a slackline and skateboard, or switch on its thrusters to fly through the air

  • LEONARDO (Legs Onboard Drone) is a 2.5ft-tall robot that has bipedal legs and thrusters
  • It is able to walk on two legs with enough dexterity to slackline and skateboard, but can also fly through the air
  • The team says the robot could one day be used to perform tasks currently very difficult for drones, robots or humans – including operating in hazardous and hard to reach environments

The idea of a robot that can navigate a slackline, skateboard and fly might sound like a concept of science fiction.

But such a bot is very much real, in the form of LEONARDO, or Legs Onboard Drone – a bipedal robot that has drone like thrusters for stability.

Known as LEO for short, it was built from parts of robots and drones found around the lab by engineers from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

As well as improving stability when walking a tightrope, the propeller-based thrusters also allow the 2.5 foot tall bot to take to the air and fly. 

The team says that LEO could someday apply its conquest of land and air to robotic missions currently difficult for ground- or aerial-based robots and drones.

As well as slacklining and skateboarding, the team says the robot could one day be used to perform tasks currently very difficult for drones, robots or humans – including operating in hazardous and hard to reach environments. 

The team hasn’t said when LEO would be available for commercial use, or how much it would cost, as it is still at the research and development stage, but hope to work with a manufacturing partner in the future.