The Pristine Beauty of Iceland

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No neighbours to worry about

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The famous black sand

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Creative hydro towers

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The Island country is on a major earthquake fault intersection

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Capital
and largest city
Reykjavík
64°08′N 21°56′W / 64.133°N 21.933°W / 64.133; -21.933
Official language
and national language
Icelandic
Ethnic groups (2014)
  • 93.01% Icelandic
  • 3.13% Polish
  • 3.84% other
Religion Evangelical Lutheranism
Demonym Icelander
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
 – President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
 – Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
 – Speaker of Parliament Einar Kristinn Guðfinnsson
 – President of Supreme Court Markús Sigurbjörnsson
Legislature Althing
Formation
 – Settlement 9th century
 – Commonwealth 930–1262
 – Union with Norway 1262–1814
 – Danish monarchy 1380–1944
 – Constitution 5 January 1874
 – Kingdom 1 December 1918
 – Republic 17 June 1944
Area
 – Total 102,775 km2 (108th)
39,699 sq mi
 – Water (%) 2.7
Population
 – 1 January 2015 estimate 329,100 (182nd)
 – Density 3.2/km2 (233rd)
8.29/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 – Total $14.488 billion (142nd)
 – Per capita $44,575 (23rd)

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